Blood Exposure Awareness

In the past, the focus to prevent blood exposure has been on needlestick safety. Devices and practices have made a difference in this area-but blood exposure can still be a risk. After all, peripheral IV catheter insertion can often be a bloody procedure, and approximately 90% of hospitalized patients require IV therapy.2

Personal Stories

Registered nurse, Cheryll Collins, shares how her life changed after being exposed to HIV infected blood during a peripheral IV catheter insertion. Watch the video to hear Cheryll in her own words tell how it has affected her work, her health and her family. Cheryll explains how she approaches IV insertion differently and what clinicians can do to better protect themselves from contaminated blood.


Edie, an Emergency/Trauma nurse, tells how her friend and co-worker was infected with HIV after being exposed to just a few drops of blood. She was a nurse for 25 years, adamant about using universal precautions, but with one split second decision, her career and life changed. Edie shares her story in a hope to prevent this from happening to other nurses.

Industry Standards

OSHA Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens (CPL02-69D)
"The employer must use engineering and work practice controls that eliminate occupational exposure or reduce it to the lowest feasible extent."3 Link to article >


Explore articles and published research on the issue of blood exposure.

Injury and Exposure Risk
A 2011 study published in Nursing shows the rate of at-risk blood exposure for IV catheter insertions is 128 per 100,000 insertions (this is the combined rate of blood contact to the eyes, nose, mouth and nonintact skin).4 Link to article >

Nearly all of the safety professionals in a survey said that workers in their organization had at some point failed to wear the necessary safety equipment while on the job.5 Link to article >

The 2011 EPINet™ Report: Blood and Body Fluid Exposures reports the following statistics:
  • The average blood and bodily fluid exposure rate was 7.23 per 100 occupied beds with 44.3% of exposures to nurses6
  • 83.7% of exposures involved unprotected skin6
  • 76.6% of exposures involved the head or face6 Link to report >

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report the following statistics related to HIV and Hep C:
  • At the end of 2009, an estimated 1,148,200 persons in the United States were living with HIV infection, with 18.1% undiagnosed7 Link to article >
  • As of 2006-2007, 3.2 million persons in the United States alone have chronic Hepatitis C (HCV) infection8 Link to article >

A Product Portfolio of Safety Solutions

BD has developed innovative technologies that specifically address safety and blood containment in IV catheter settings. Products in the BD portfolio of peripheral IV (PIV) catheters each include technologies designed to protect clinicians as well as patients.
  • The BD Nexiva™ pre-assembled system has been shown to significantly reduce blood exposure during insertion,9* minimizing the potential for contamination and exposure to bloodborne pathogens
  • "Blood control and blood contained SPIVCs don't require clinicians to occlude the vessel during insertion; ultimately, they reduce cleanup costs, nursing time, and any additional costs should an exposure occur."10
  • BD Insyte™ Autoguard™ BC IV Catheters with Blood Control Technology are clinically demonstrated to reduce the risk of blood exposure by 95%11†

1.    Mestre G, Berbel C, Tortajada P, et al. Successful multifaceted intervention aimed to reduce short peripheral venous catheter-related adverse events: a quasiexperimental cohort study. Am J Infect Control. 2013;41(6):520-6.
2.    U.S. Market for Vascular Access Devices and Accessories. iData Research Inc. 2014. 23.
3. United States Department of Labor. Enforcement procedures for the occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens (CPL02-02-69D). Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Updated November 27, 2001. Accessed October 3, 2015.
4. Jagger J, Perry J, Parker G, et al. Blood exposure risk during IV catheter insertion and removal. Nursing. 2011;41(12):45-49.
5. Workers risking injury by not wearing PPE. Infection Control Today. 2010.
6. 2011 EPINet report: Blood and body fluid exposures. International Healthcare Worker Safety web site. 2011. Accessed April 22, 2014.
7. Statistics overview. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site. 2011.
8. Klevens RM, Miller J, Vonderwahl C, et al. Population based surveillance for Hepatitis C virus, United States, 2006-2007. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site. 2009. Accessed April 22, 2014.
9. Bausone-Gazda D, Lefaiver CA, Walters SA. A randomized controlled trial to compare the complications of 2 peripheral intravenous catheter-stabilization systems. J Infus Nurs. 2010;33(6):371-384.
*Compared to an open system.
10. Richardson D, Kaufman L. Reducing blood exposure risks and costs associated with SPIVC insertion. Nurs Manage. 2011;42(12):31-34.
11. Onia R, Eshun-Wilson I, Arce C, et al. Evaluation of a new safety peripheral IV catheter designed to reduce mucocutaneous blood exposure. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011;27(7):1339-1346.
Compared to a non-blood control IV catheter.

BD-0705 (12/15)