Insulin Therapy for Dogs


Your dog can live for a number of happy years if its diabetes is properly managed.

The therapy consists of insulin injections along with changes to
your pet's diet.

The first goal of diabetes therapy is to keep you and your dog
happy and give both of you a good quality of life.

Diabetes care can become an easy part of your daily routine and
does not have to be stressful for you or your pet.

The second goal is to try to keep your pet's blood glucose within
an acceptable range, no lower than 100-150 mg/dL and no higher than 250-300 mg/dL.

This may be easier to achieve if you are consistent with your dog's diet, feeding times, injections and exercise.

Niña was diagnosed at the age of 7. She is now 8 years old. She uses the BD short, 31 gauge  8mm needles for her twice-daily injections. 

She lost her sight last August, but continues to play and is loving life. Thanks, BD, for making her insulin shots easier!
Photo, courtesy S. Wilkerson

You will need to devote some extra time and money to your pet's care, especially during the initial months when the veterinarian is trying to regulate the dog's blood glucose.

Cataracts and Diabetes

No matter how well you and the veterinarian care for your pet, it is very likely that the dog will develop cataracts. Many times, cataracts have already developed by the time the diabetes is diagnosed.

Around 75 to 80 percent of diabetic dogs can have their vision restored by removal of the cataracts. So, when the cataracts appear, deal with your pet's vision problem but do not blame yourself or the veterinarian. If your diabetic dog does not form cataracts, it is a lucky animal indeed.


1. Feldman EC, Nelson RW. Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Elsevier, 2004. page 507


The BD Diabetes Learning Center describes the causes of diabetes, its symptoms, and diabetes complications such as retinopathy and neuropathy. This site contains detailed information about blood glucose monitoring, insulin injection and safe sharps disposal. Interactive quizzes, educational literature downloads and animated demonstrations help to teach diabetes care skills.

Important Note: The content of this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Do not disregard your doctor's advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read in this website.

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