What is bone marrow?
Spongy material in the center of most large bones. Bone marrow contains different cells that make up blood and produces red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.1
What is a bone marrow biopsy?
A procedure that removes a sample of bone marrow from the inside of bone for examination.
How is a bone marrow biopsy performed?
A physician will clean your skin and inject a numbing medicine on the surface of where the bone marrow will be taken. He or she will then insert a biopsy needle through the bone, into the bone marrow to capture a bone marrow sample. After removing the sample and needle, he or she will apply pressure and a bandage to stop any bleeding.1
How do I prepare for a bone marrow biopsy?
Tell your physician if you are allergic to any medications, on any medications, prone to bleeding and/or pregnant. You will also need to sign a consent form.1
How will the bone marrow biopsy feel?
The injection of the numbing medicine may cause a sharp sting, and the biopsy needle may briefly cause pain, but it is usually dull. The biopsy may cause discomfort considering the inside of bone cannot be numbed.1
Why is a bone marrow biopsy performed?
A physician may want to test your abnormal red or white blood cell or platelet types or counts, or test you for leukemia, infections, anemia and other blood disorders. It can also be used to determine if a cancer has spread or responded to treatment.1
What is a normal result of a bone marrow biopsy?
The bone marrow contains the proper number and types of blood-forming cells, fat cells and connective tissues.1
What are abnormal results of a bone marrow biopsy?
The bone marrow may indicate leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma or other cancers. It may also show a low red blood cell count, which can cause anemia; abnormal white blood cells; or a low platelet count.1
What are the risks of a bone marrow biopsy?
Some bleeding at the puncture site. More serious bleeding or infection can occur, but it is rare.1