* Compared to a nondiffusion tip IV catheter
† Compared to a fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) catheter
‡ Bench test results may not necessarily be indicative of the clinical performance.
** Compared to B. Braun Introcan Safety® catheter with Bard Statlock® IV Ultra stabilization device.
^ Up to 144 hours compared to 96 hours with an open system with a PTFE catheter
# BD Nexiva™ Closed System with 3M™ Tegaderm™ IV Securement Dressing compared to B. Braun Introcan Safety® catheter with Statlock® IV Ultra stabilization device and non-bordered dressing
- Gonzalez Lopez J, Arribi Vilela A, Fernandez Del Palacio E, et al. Indwell times, complications and costs of open vs closed safety peripheral intravenous catheters: a randomized study. J Hosp Infect. 2014;86(2):117-126.
- Tamura N, Ave S, Hagimoto K, et al. Unfavorable peripheral intravenous catheter replacements an be reduced using an integrated closed intravenous catheter system. J Vasc Access. 2014;15(4):257-263.)
- Bausone-Gazda D, Lefaiver CA, Walters SA. A randomized controlled trial to compare the complications of 2 peripheral intravenous catheter-stabilization systems. J Infus Nurs. 2010;33(6):371-384.)
- Infusion Nurses Society;. Infusion therapy standards of practice. J Infus Nurs. 2016:39(1S)S72. Alexander M, Corrigan A. Gorski L, et al. Infusion nursing: an evidence based approach. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:410.
- Alexander M, Corrigan A. Gorski L, et al. Infusion nursing: an evidence based approach. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:410.
- van Loon FHJ, Timmerman R, den Brok GPH, Korsten EHM, Dierick-van Daele ATM, Bouwman ARA. The impact of a notched peripheral intravenous catheter on the first attempt success rate in hospitalized adults: block-randomized trial. JVA. 2021 DOI: 10.1177/1129729821990217.
- Seetharam AM, Raju U, Suresh K. A randomized controlled study to compare first stick success with Instaflash technology: The FIRSST study. JVA. 2022 DOI:10.1177/11297298221080369.
- Gaukroger PB, Roberts JG, Manners TA. Infusion thrombophlebitis: a prospective comparison of 645 Vialon and Teflon cannulae in anaesthetic and postoperative use. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. 1988;16:265-271.
- Kus B, Buyukyilmaz F. Effectiveness of Vialon biomaterial versus Teflon catheters for peripheral intravenous placement: A randomized clinical trial. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2020;e12328. https://doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12328.
- Maki DG, Ringer M. Risk factors for infusion-related phlebitis with small peripheral venous catheter. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1991;114:845-854.